By Guest Author David Booth, Founder and Chairman, Dimensional Fund Advisors

This past year had its share of financial uncertainty, from inflation and rising interest rates to volatile stock and bond markets. Headlines added to the unease, from the growth of artificial intelligence (AI) to the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank and other lenders to the threat of government shutdowns. So it’s no surprise some people feel anxious right now. When it comes to investing during trying times, it can be easy to lose track of how well markets function. Spoiler alert: They’ve been working just the way we’d expect.

The reason why? Human ingenuity. Throughout history, there have been people and businesses working hard to make the world better. Solving problems can generate profits, and profits lead to market returns. That’s why I say the market runs on human ingenuity.

Despite all the stressful headlines, including geopolitical crises from Ukraine to the Middle East, the MSCI All Country World IMI Index returned 15.5% through the first 11 months of the year.1 In fact, since the global pandemic started in 2020, that index has averaged about 6.8% per year, which is in line with its historical returns.

So when taking the time to reflect on lessons from this year, make sure to reflect on markets and how they worked. Markets do a good job of processing information and incorporating it into the prices of stocks and bonds. Trying to time markets or find mispricings is a waste of time—unless, of course, you know something that other people don’t, before anyone else can make a move.3 I don’t. Do you?

When I look back on this year, I’m struck that so many of the crises around the world have been priced into the market. It’s not surprising to me that when interest rates went up, bond yields increased. Whatever happens, the market seeks to adjust appropriately. That’s as true for the potential of AI as it is for the prospect of a government shutdown. That’s what we said in the first quarter of 2020, when COVID started spreading around the world.

 

I believe that the key to successful investing is to cultivate a long-term perspective, where you think in decades, not days. Anxiety, not information, is trying to get you to make short-term moves. So how do you stay focused on the long term? Developing a financial plan you can stick with, built upon a strong investment philosophy, will put you in a good place to withstand uncertainty.

These principles can help you stay grounded, even in moments of doubt:

So when you look back at the past year, remember that people have memories; markets don’t. I can confidently predict that in the future there will be recessions, interest rates will change, elections will be decided, and AI will impact your life in some way. The great news in all of this is that you don’t have to make any predictions in order to have a good investment experience.

When I look back at not only this year but the previous 50 years of my career, human ingenuity keeps winning. I used to think I was an optimist, but now I think that maybe I’m just a realist.

 

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